Walter Gropius was a German architect who created innovative designs that involved materials and methods of construction from modern technology available at his time. Gropius theory was that all design should be functional as well as aesthetically pleasing. Using technology as a basis, he transformed building into a science of precise mathematical calculations. He believed in industrialized and efficient buildings so that his buildings often provided the evidence of standardization, mass production and prefabrication. Gropius also introduced a screen wall system that utilized a structural steel frame to support the floors and which allowed the external glass walls to cover a surface uninterrupted.
Gropius was the founder of the innovative Bauhaus design school in Germany, which the school then became a dominant force in architecture and the applied arts in the 20th century. The design outcomes of the school greatly influenced architecture, design art and new media.
All the Bauhaus designs are recognized as innovative and contemporary, which make them classic and last until today. The designs applied the logic where form follows function and less is more. This philosophy resulted in clean, simple and modern design. We can look at these products and surely we will be inspired by the clean and functional characteristics. The design produced in Bauhaus style was frequently used steel, glass, leathers, bent wood and plastic. The colors used are generally black, white, brown, grey and chromium. Sometimes the primary colors of the furniture are used irregularly to emphasize and to give entirely the less dark appearance.
For me Das Bauhaus marked a revolution in design. The “Modern Classics” in architecture, product design and contemporary art have emphasized its great influencing in design for designers nowadays. Therefore, we can say that Walter Gropius was one of the most influential and fascinating architects for the 20th Century.